European Walnut

European Walnut (Juglans regia)

European Walnut, sourced from the Juglans regia tree, boasts a warm, chocolate-brown heartwood that often features lighter streaks, adding depth and character to the wood’s appearance.

Characteristics of European Walnut

  1. Colour/Appearance — The heartwood typically shows a deep, rich chocolate brown, often with attractive swirls and lighter, sometimes purplish streaks. The sapwood is markedly paler, providing a striking contrast.
  2. Grain/Texture — European Walnut has a generally straight grain, although it can sometimes be irregular or wavy. The texture is usually fine and smooth, making it both aesthetically pleasing and easy to work with.
  3. Odour — This timber has a distinctive, pleasant woody scent that enhances the woodworking experience without being overpowering.
  4. Sustainability — European Walnut is considered a sustainable wood choice when sourced from well-managed forests. Efforts are continually made to balance the demand with mindful cultivation and harvesting practices.
  5. Common Uses — It is extensively used in the creation of fine furniture, decorative panels, cabinetry, and veneer. Its impact resistance also makes it suitable for gunstocks and luxury car interiors.
  6. Alternative Names — Also known as Common Walnut or English Walnut, highlighting its widespread cultivation and use across Europe.
  7. Countries of Origin — Native to Europe and Western Asia, this timber is now cultivated in temperate regions worldwide, particularly in the UK, France, and parts of Eastern Europe.
  8. Furniture Making — Widely utilized in furniture making for its durability and rich visual appeal. Its unique colour and grain patterns make it ideal for crafting both modern and traditional furniture pieces.

Wood Alternatives Based on Colour

  1. Mahogany — Offers a similar richness in colour with a fine grain, ideal for furniture and cabinetry that demands a luxe finish.
  2. Dark Stained Oak — Can be treated to mimic the darker tones of European Walnut, providing a more readily available alternative for large-scale projects.
  3. Cherry  — Known for its warm, reddish tones that deepen with age, cherry is a visually similar choice that ages beautifully.


European Walnut timber is renowned for its luxurious deep brown colour, smooth grain, and versatile texture, making it a top selection for fine woodworking projects. Its combination of beauty and durability ensures it remains a popular choice for both indoor and outdoor applications. With its opulent and inviting aesthetic, European Walnut adds an element of natural elegance to any project, appealing to those seeking to incorporate a touch of sophistication and timeless beauty into their work.

More information for European Walnut

Find more information about the tree species Juglans regia or more uses of European Walnut timber.

Related species:

European Walnut burr

These boxes are made with European Walnut & other woods